Not all bonsai trees are created equal! There are just some bonsai trees that are more beautiful and better to care for. The reason being bonsai trees are cultivated to resemble miniature versions of larger trees. Most perennial woody-stemmed trees or shrub species can be grown and artfully formed into bonsai trees. The best characteristics of well-forming bonsais have small leaves and needles. Once sprouted, the bonsai trees will grow to fit their environment. Choose the best bonsai trees to care for from seedlings to natural, fully grown trees.
Jacaranda Mimosifolia - Brazilian Rosewood
This flowering tree is native to south-central South America. It is a subtropical plant characterized by its luscious blue and lavender colored flowers. Their green leaves are compound and fern-like. Their branches are zig-zag and slender.
Pinus Aristata - Bristlecone Pine
Pines are among the most popular bonsai trees because of their ease to shape in a variety of styles. They are long-lasting evergreen trees that keep their needles up to 40 years on fully grown pines. They are native to New Mexico and Colorado in the U.S. Their name refers to their formation. Beautiful clusters of pine needles with bristles on their cones.
Delonix Regia - Flame Tree
Similar to the Jacaranda, this is another brightly colored tree. The name refers to its vibrant red and golden hued flowers. It is a tropical tree from the legume family. It thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. The bark twists, the leaves are fern-like and its canopy takes on a natural umbrella shape.
Picea Mariana - Black Spruce
Native to the northern hemisphere, this is another type of coniferous evergreen tree. Unlike the pine, they are spruces. Therefore, they are more difficult to shape but equally as beautiful. Their leaves are green and needle-shaped. The branches grow whorled and its canopy is a conical shape.
Ficus Religiosa - Buddha Tree
This is a great beginner bonsai tree. It is a semi-evergreen fig tree, part of the mulberry family. It’s name derives from the ancient story of the buddha who attained enlightenment meditating underneath this type of tree. They are native to the Indian subcontinent and southeast Asia. They prefer tropical climates but can be grown in a variety of climates. The leaves are green with a heart shape and drip tip.
Pinus Thunbergii - Japanese Black Pine
Like the Bristlecone Pine, these are easy to shape in a variety of different bonsai styles. They are a variety of coniferous evergreen pine trees. Their needles grow in clusters of two. They are strong, long and dark green needles, native to Japan and grow by the sea.
Pinus Densiflora - Japanese Red Pine
Similar to Japanese Black Pines, these are coniferous evergreens pine trees. Unlike, the Black Pines, they are delicate and slender. Their needles are thinner and softer. They are native to Japan but grow a little further away from the sea.
Metasequoia Glyptostroboides - Dawn Redwood
They were first discovered in China but exist all around the world. They are strong and tall trees. They have light green leaves and needle-shaped leaves. They can grow very rapidly.
These species of bonsai trees are perfect for beginners, moderate to advancement bonsai caretakers. They do well in both indoor and outdoor settings with the proper care and maintenance. Growing these spectacular bonsai trees from start to finish will be a fun and fulfilling experience!